Civil society and women’s rights groups in particular had long been trying to draw attention to the unequal and specific effects of armed conflict on the lives of girls and women. In response to that pressure, the UN Security Council adopted resolution 1325, a watershed moment for the recognition of the importance of violence against women in conflict and women’s participation in post-conflict processes at all levels of decision-making.
Sidenote: After resolution 1325 was passed, the UNSC adopted 7 more resolutions: 1820 (2008); 1888 (2009); 1889 (2010); 1960 (2011); 2106 (2013); 2122 (2013) and 2242 (2015). Notably, SCR 1820 established a new mechanism with a mandate for a Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence during Armed Conflict who monitors and reports on this issue to the Security Council on a regular basis. Together, these resolutions form the UN’s Women, Peace, and Security Agenda, which is based on the principle that women’s participation, the incorporation of gender perspectives, and respect for women’s human rights would have a transformative effect on the issues of war and peace and the lives of all members of society.